October 13th is World Thrombosis Day. Thrombosis is the presence of blood clots, which is an abnormal and life-threatening condition. Thrombosis will lead to hospitalization, prolonged recovery and can even cause death. A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a clot that develops deep in a vein in the leg or pelvis. It can break off and travel through the blood vessels to the lungs. This is called a pulmonary embolism (PE). Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the name for DVT and PE (DVT + PE = VTE1).
What can you do?
Watch for signs and symptoms of VTE and seek medical help if they are present.
- DVT symptoms include redness, swelling, and pain in an extremity, usually the leg. You should go to the ER if this occurs so they can evaluate for a clot.
- PE symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain and rapid heart rate. These are life-threatening symptoms and you should call 911 immediately.
Prevent VTE by exercising regularly, moving your legs when you are sitting for long periods, maintaining a healthy weight and not smoking.
Centers for Disease Prevention and Control: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/dvt/index.html
National Blood Clot Alliance: Stop the Clot: https://www.stoptheclot.org/
This is Serious: http://thisisserious.org/
World Thrombosis Day: http://www.worldthrombosisday.org/issue/vte/#risk-factors